area strip mining process

Strip Mining: A Destructive Way of Coal Extraction

 · While underground mining, which allows coal companies to extract deeper deposits of coal, is viewed as less destructive than strip mining, the effects of mining widespread damage to the environment. In room-and-pillar mines, columns of coal are left to support the ground above during the initial mining process, then they are often taken out and the mine is left to collapse, which is known … · outside the mining area for placement and storage. In the Midwest, where the surface topography and coal seams are generally flat, it is common to employ area strip mining in which the fragmented overburden is placed directly by large draglines … · The process of strip mining also lowers groundwater levels around the mine. In order to remove the coal, vast quantities of groundwater are pumped out of the mine and as a result, surrounding ecosystems and farmland may become drier, and erosion may start to change the landscape.

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Extraction of Resources

 · In strip mining, the operation is conducted so as to deposit the overburden material in a previous excavation left after the mined deposit is removed.The final excavation is not filled. The strip-mined area is then left as a series of piles of overburden, called spoil banks, with a deep trench at the side where operations ceased.Yet mining the ore is just one stage in a long and complex gold mining process. Long before any gold can be extracted, significant exploration and development needs to take place, both to determine, as accurately as possible, the size of the deposit as well as how to extract and process the ore efficiently, safely and responsibly.Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth from an orebody, lode, vein, seam, or reef, which forms the mineralized package of economic interest to the miner. Ores recovered by mining include metals, coal, oil shale.

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APES #15 Flashcards

It is said that strip mining could provide an even higher recovery. Shown in Fig. 8.8 is an open-pit mine used to explain the process of mining the oil shale. The overburden is drilled and blasted loose over an area above the oil shale zone and the load is thenDuring the strip-mining process, bauxite is broken up and taken out of the mine to an alumina refinery. Once mining is complete, the topsoil is replaced and the area undergoes a restoration process. When the ore is mined in forested areas, an average of 80 percent …area strip mining Type of surface mining used where the terrain is flat. An earthmover strips away the overburden, and a power shovel digs a cut to remove the mineral deposit. After removal of the mineral, the trench is filled with overburden, and a new cut is made.

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What is Strip Mining? (with pictures)

Yet mining the ore is just one stage in a long and complex gold mining process. Long before any gold can be extracted, significant exploration and development needs to take place, both to determine, as accurately as possible, the size of the deposit as well as how to extract and process the ore efficiently, safely and responsibly. · Brine mining is normally a lengthy process that takes anywhere from eight months to three years. But scientists are working to develop technology that can extract lithium and other valuable materials

Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth from an orebody, lode, vein, seam, or reef, which forms the mineralized package of economic interest to the miner. Ores recovered by mining include metals, coal, oil shale ... · Contour strip mining and area strip mining are the two forms of strip mining, which is often used to extract coal and lignite. In contour strip mining, bulldozers or power shovels are deployed to take away huge amounts of ground material in terraced strips for extracting coal from a seam on a hill.Following scalping of the vegetation and topsoil removal, area mining begins with an initial rectangular cut (called the box cut). Area strip mining with concurrent reclamation. The operator places.

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Pros and Cons of Strip Mining

Mine reclamation is the process of restoring land that has been mined to a natural or economically usable state. Although the process of mine reclamation occurs once mining is completed, the planning of mine reclamation activities occurs prior to a mine being permitted or started. Mine reclamation creates useful landscapes that meet a variety ...This kind of mining can be done when the mineral to be extracted almost near to the surface.This process is divided into area stripping and contour stripping. This method of striping is common on flat land to extract the mineral over a large area. Open-pit mining: · For those who are unfamiliar, strip mining is a form of surface mining that focuses on the collection of tar sand and coal, which both rest somewhat close to Earth's surface. Those who support strip mining point to the increased ease of access and all of its attendant benefits. Detractors point to the controversies surrounding this method.

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Strip Mining: A Destructive Way of Coal Extraction

Strip mining, like other types of surface mining, finishes in hurting the area around the mine. The rock, gravel, trees, plants, and filth are dumped in regions round the mine. When it rains, this runs over the land and into watercourse and rivers. The rain pushes the mine filth on top of the region …Strip mining is a mineral-extraction process in which a layer or seam of undesired material (called "overburden") is removed from the surface of an area to allow efficient access to a desired material existing underneath the layer being stripped. · The process of strip mining also lowers groundwater levels around the mine. In order to remove the coal, vast quantities of groundwater are pumped out of the mine and as a result, surrounding ecosystems and farmland may become drier, and ….

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Reclamation of Degraded Landscapes due to Opencast …

Strip mining is like open pit mining but with material removed along a strip. These different forms of surface mining are methods of extracting ores close to Earth's surface. Placers are valuable minerals found in stream gravels. California's nickname, ...Calculating Stripping Ratios for Area Strip Mines Mnge 315 ©Dr. B. C. Paul spring revised Note

Strip mining is the process of removing the topsoil, rock and other material (overburden) covering a mineral deposit in order to ex-tract the minerals.1 Strip mining is of two types: contour stripping and area stripping. The method used dependsUnderground mining techniques like block caving, bore hole mining, drift and fill are done. Gold Mining Gold is a chemical component with the symbol Au that springs up from the Latin derivative aurum that means shining dawn and with the atomic number 79.Strip mining is ideally applied where the surface of the ground and the ore body itself ar e relatively horizontal and not too deep under the surfa ce, and a wide area is av ailable to be mined in.

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Types of Surface Mining

 · While underground mining, which allows coal companies to extract deeper deposits of coal, is viewed as less destructive than strip mining, the effects of mining widespread damage to the environment. In room-and-pillar mines, columns of coal are left to support the ground above during the initial mining process, then they are often taken out and the mine is left to collapse, which is known …Water flow is often redirected by strip mining and a new wet area will be created. You may try and see if you could wing the spring so to speak. Dig on either side of the wet spot up the hill a distance and try to direct the water to that area.Strip mining gets its name from the fact that the process involves stripping the surface away from the mineral that's being excavated (usually coal). Soil, rock, and vegetation over the mineral seam is removed with huge machines, including bucket-wheel excavators.

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